Axial-split vs. Radial-split units

An axial split case pump is a pump whose casing is split axially, or whose
principal joint is parallel to the shaft centerline; the casing is split into an upper
half and a lower half. An axially split case pumps is always a horizontal pump.

A radial split case pump is a pump whose casing split, or whose principal joint, is
perpendicular to the shaft centerline. The complete casing assembly is usually
referred to as the case and cover.A radially split case pump can be either a
horizontal or a vertical pump.

Axial split case:


  • The pump internal can be inspected by simply removing the top case;
    there is no need to remove its rotor.
  • It is relatively inexpensive for three stages, or more, than a radial split case


  • It is typically limited to 400 degrees Fahrenheit operating temperature due
    to thermal expansion consideration because:
  • there is significant differences in the case metal thickness between the
    upper half and lower half of the pump resulting in differences in thermal
  • the pump cannot be supported at the shaft centerline where the pump
    casing is split in half (at best, it can be supported at near-centerline only.)
    This results in asymmetrical thermal expansion between the upper half
    and lower half casing.
  • It is typically limited to 3600 PSIG maximum working pressure due to the
    difficulty in bolting with a flat, unconfined, and irregualr case gasket, and
    due to the non-symmetrical volute and suction areas between the upper
    half and lower half casing.

Radial split case:


  • It can be of the inexpensive overhang design for low suction pressure
    application. Or, it can be of the more costly between-bearing design for
    high suction pressure application.
  • It can be of centerline support design suitable for operating at very high
    temperature of up to 800 degrees Fahrenheit. The centerline support
    design ensures equal case thermal expansion in the radial direction.
  • The case and cover design is suitable for higher working pressure than an
    axial split case pump due to its smaller bolting area, symmetrical bolting
    pattern, and confined gasket design.


  • The pump internal cannot be inspected without removing its rotor
    assembly from inside the casing.
  • In some multistage pumps the rotor assembly cannot be removed from
    the casing without removing the driver to clear the way for the rotor
  • It is very expensive for three, or more, stages because the pump will have
    to be of double barrel construction.

File: pump axial radial

"Make it simple"





Engineering data


Bulletin board

Go to our Sitemap
for list of articles

By accessing this site
you agree to our
Terms of Use and
Legal Disclaimer

Copyright notice
Privacy policy
Related topics

Pump types
Horizontal vs. vertical
Axial  vs. radial split case
Parallel-series operation
OH1, OH2
OH2, OH3, OH4, OH5
VH2, VH3, VH7

Go to our Sitemap for complete list of articles
Custom Search